Arti Kata “kami” dalam Qur’an

Didalam kitab “Fatawa al Azhar” disebutkan bahwa sesungguhnya Al Qur’an al Karim diturunkan dari sisi Allah swt dengan bahasa arab yang merupakan bahasa Rasul-Nya shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam dan diturunkan dengan tingkat balaghah dan kefasehan tertinggi.

Artinya : “Dengan bahasa Arab yang jelas.” (QS. Asy Syuara’ : 195)

Dan merupakan suatu kebiasaan dikalangan orang-orang Arab bahwa seorang pembicara mengungkapkan tentang dirinya dengan menggunakan lafazh أنا (saya) dan jika terdapat orang lain bersamanya maka menggunakan lafazh نحن (kami) sebagaimana lafazh نحن (kami) digunakan si pembicara untuk mengagungkan dirinya sendiri. Pengagungan manusia terhadap dirinya sendiri dikarenakan dirinya memiliki berbagai daya tarik untuk diagungkan.

Bisa jadi hal itu dikarenakan dia memiliki jabatan, reputasi, kedudukan atau nasab lalu dia membicarakan tentang dirinya itu sebagai bentuk keagungan dan kebesaran. Bisa jadi juga untuk memberikan perasaan takut didalam hati orang lain seakan-akan dirinya sebanding dengan beberapa orang bukan dengan hanya satu orang. Bisa jadi seseorang mengungkapkan dirinya dengan lafazh نحن (kami) karena begitu banyak keahliannya seakan-akan beberapa orang ada didalam diri satu orang. Sehingga bentuk plural dan jama’ itu adalah pada pengaruhnya bukan pada si pemberi pengaruh.

Bentuk pengagungan diri pembicara atau orang yang diajak bicara terdapat pula didalam bahasa-bahasa lainnya bukan hanya didalam bahasa arab dan digunakan pula untuk tujuan-tujuan seperti disebutkan diatas.

Apabila Allah swt Tuhan Pemilik Keagungan berfirman :

Artinya : “Kami telah menciptakan mereka dan menguatkan persendian tubuh mereka, apabila Kami menghendaki, Kami sungguh-sungguh mengganti (mereka) dengan orang-orang yang serupa dengan mereka.” (QS. Al Insan : 28)

Posisi Allah di situ sebagai pemberi karunia kepada semua makhluk, pemberi nikmat, memberikan perasaan takut dan membuat lari orang-orang kafir sesuai dengan kata ganti pengagungan terhadap diri-Nya yang memberikan makna kuat dan gagah.

Dan apabila Allah berfirman :

Artinya : “Sesungguhnya Kami-lah yang menurunkan Al Quran, dan Sesungguhnya Kami benar-benar memeliharanya.” (QS. Al Hijr : 9)

Posisi di situ sebagai pemilik kemampuan yang mampu memberikan ketenangan berupa pemeliharaan Allah terhadap Al Qur’an yang telah diturunkan dengan kekuasaan dan hikmah-Nya. Dan apabila Allah berfirman :

Artinya : “Sesungguhnya Kami menolong Rasul-rasul Kami dan orang-orang yang beriman dalam kehidupan dunia dan pada hari berdirinya saksi-saksi (hari kiamat),” (QS. Ghafir : 15)

Didalamnya terdapat dua ketenangan berupa pemeliharaan Allah terhadap Rasul-Rasul-Nya dan memenangkan mereka atas musuh-musuh mereka seakan-akan berbagai pemeliharaan dengan sarana-sarana yang bermacam-macam.

Saya —Syeikh Athiyah Saqar— mengatakan bahwa saya yakin ketika seorang mukmin membaca al Qur’an dan didalamnya terdapat bentuk pengagungan untuk Allah maka tidak ada didalam dirinya keraguan terhadap keesaan Allah swt bahwa Dia lah Pemilik segala kebesaran dan keagungan dan selain-Nya tidak mungkin memiliki kemampuan dan pemberian nikmat yang bisa memalingkan manusia dari menyembah-Nya saja.

Wallahu A’lam

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